Wounds, like those of Christ's, imprinted on the body of a believer by a special act of divine grace or by an involuntary psychosomatic process. Actual self-inflicted wounds are not stigmata. St. Francis of Assisi is said to have received the stigmata in the thirteenth century. The attitude of the church towards stigmata is guarded.
Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.