Simon Peter replied, âYou are the Messiah, the Son of the Living God.â And Jesus answered him, âBlessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father, in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.â
These verses are among the three most studied, debated, and disputed verses in the New Testament. Historically, they have been central to issues of authority in the church, especially of the authority of the episcopacy and of the Bishop of Rome. But as important as this hardy perennial of a theological conundrum is, it isnât the issue that seems the most important to talk about today.
Instead, letâs consider what this story says about Peter, and about us.
It all begins when Peter becomes the first person to make the great Christian Confession of faith. He names Jesus as the Messiah, the hope of Israel, the son of the one who created heaven and earth. Before Peter sees this, the Gospels say that the demons knew who Jesus was and God knew who Jesus was. Now, Jesus is beginning to be known by peopleâand something new is happening, something new is being builtâby the will of God, and by the power of God.
Notice the very first thing that happensâSimon is given a new name.
And âPeterâ really is a new nameâthere is absolutely no record of anyone using Petros, the Greek word that means ârock,â or âCephas,â the same word in Aramaic, as a proper name before this event.
So, in spite of movies to the contrary, Peter really was Rocky I, the first person to have that name. Remember that names and naming were very important in the Hebrew mindâa name was the summary of the existence of the thing named. To change a personâs nameâas God changed Abramâs name to Abraham, and Jacobâs name to Israelâwas to alter fundamentally that personâs identity, relationships, and mission. To give a person his or her name was, in some way, to shape their destiny.
It still works that way: to confess Jesus as the Christ is to be changed, it is to be given, by him, a new nameâit is to be given identity and mission in relationship to Jesus. That was acted out visibly with Peterâit continues to be true among us. The service of Baptism in our Prayer Book is probably the finest such service the church has used for 1,500 years. But there is one part of the old service, the service in the 1928 Prayer Book, that seems even more appropriate. That was where, immediately before the Baptism itself, the sponsors were asked to âname this child.â (Remember that? [BCP, 1928, p. 279]) This made great and wonderful good sense. When it comes to our true identity, the name of every Christian, like Peterâs name, is given in Baptism as a response to the gift of faith. Thatâs why our first name is also called our âChristian name.â
And part of our name, part of the identity we receive from the Lord, is the same as Peterâs. He is Rocky I, the first rock of the edifice the Lord (not Peter, but the Lord) is building. That structure is the church. Peter is the first stone of a building, the first called for the new Israel, the first named for a great task. Upon him and the other Apostles, upon their faith and upon their person, Christ builds his church. And so the Lord continues to build it. We are, in this respect, like movie sequels. You are Rocky 5 billion, or whateverâsame director, same plot, larger cast. We continue to be called to be who Peter was called to be. Through us, and by us, Christ continues to build his church. Through us, Christ continues to be present to his world.
This church that the Lord began with Peter, and that we are a part of, is a holy and a sacred thing. It is not merely or mainly a voluntary association of like-minded people; it is not primarily or at its heart a human institution. It is instead a divine mystery, a holy thing, much greater than we can see or imagineâstronger even than death itself, vast in space and time. It is built of stones, or rocks; and these stones are laid one atop the other. They touch, so the building is a single structure that continues through space and time. That continuity is a continuity of Christâs presence, a continuity of faith, a continuity of tradition and doctrine, and a continuity of personsâeach connected to those who went before.
That continuity is important. We call it âApostolicity.â It is one of the four marks of the churchâin the Nicene Creed we say that the church is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic. This continuity of doctrine, faith, and persons is the apostolic part. The Apostolic Succession of our bishopsâthe fact that our bishops are part of a virtually unbroken line beginning with Peter and the othersâis one important part of this Apostolicityâit is one important way we are connected to the Apostles and the early church. But Apostolicity also means that the rocks are laid one on top of the other. Each new name, each new rock, builds on something unbroken and continuous. Jesus says to each of us, you are Peter, you are Rocky, Rocky 5 billionâor whatever.
Fr. Herbert OâDriscoll uses a wonderful image for this. His idea is to look at all of the last 200 centuries as rings of time, as concentric circles of time, scores and scores of such circles, we are in the very outermost circle, farthest away from the centerâand at the center is a Cross. We are brought into the circle, into the faith, in large part because somewhere, somehow, someone in the circle just before ours took us by the hand and said, âcome,â and so drew us in. That is one very important reason why we are here. That person was able to do this for us because someone had taken him or her by the hand and had drawn that person in.
And so on, through all the centuries, hands are held through all of those circles. Until we reach the place where a very few of those hands were held by hands touched by the mark of nails. So we hold hands touched by nails.
In this way, Christ builds his church; such is the gift we have been given.
What Jesus is stressing in these words of Peter is continuityâthe historical and spiritual reality that the church Jesus is creating is hisâhis alone. No one can create another church. Christâs church can be built on no other foundation, with no other living stones than those he names, and with no other cornerstone and chief builder than Christ himself. We constantly re-live this Gospel story. As we say to Jesus, âyou are the Christ,â he says to usâto each of usââyou, too, are Peter, you too, are a rock, and with you, also, I am building my church.â What happened to Peter continues and it includes us.
One more thing: Jesus called Peter blessed, fortunate, happy. Remember what that blessedness looked like. Remember Peterâs life of poverty and struggle, of pain and of conflict and, finally, of a martyrâs death. Thatâs what Jesus meant by blessed. To be given a new name by Jesus, to have a Christian name, this always includes being named as servant, as minister, as one who gives oneâs self, and so becomes a gift to the world in the name of Christ. To be chosen, to be called, to be named as part of the glorious company of Christâs church, to be another Rocky, this is never done as a sign of privilege, but always as a mark for service; never for ourselves alone, but always for others.
So we are namedâwe are named rockâpart of Christâs churchâand we are named servant, gift to the world. In that way, we are named as Christâs ownâforever.