Glossary

(Feb. 21, 1801-Aug. 11, 1890). One of the original leaders of the Oxford Movement in the nineteenth-century Church of England and subsequently a convert to Roman Catholicism. He entered Trinity College, Oxford, in June 1817 and received a B.A. in 1820. Newman became a fellow of Oriel College in... Read More »

(July 24, 1725-Dec. 21, 1807). A leading Anglican evangelical and hymn-writer. He was born in London and attended school at Stratford, Essex. Newton went to sea as a midshipman in the English navy. He was later the captain of a slave ship. After his conversion, Newton read for orders and was... Read More »

(July 21, 1876-Jan. 24, 1950). Outstanding preacher and broad church leader. He was born in Decatur, Texas. Newton was ordained to the Baptist ministry on Apr. 20, 1895. He then became the pastor of a small Baptist church in Rose Hill, Texas. In the fall of 1895 he entered the Southern Baptist... Read More »

(Oct. 31, 1840-Dec. 19, 1914). A major figure in the broad church movement and a leading Episcopal Social Gospel writer. He was born in Philadelphia. Newton received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1861. In 1862-1863 he studied at the Philadelphia Divinity School. He was ordained... Read More »

(Nov. 4, 1843-June 25, 1914). Broad church theologian. He was born in Philadelphia. Newton graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1865 and from the Philadelphia Divinity School in 1868. He was ordained deacon on June 19, 1868, and priest on Feb. 19, 1869. He served for a year as assistant... Read More »

The House of Bishops in 1967 created the Missionary District of Nicaragua and placed it under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Costa Rica. In 1968 the House of Bishops elected George Edward Haynsworth Missionary Bishop of Nicaragua. It became a diocese on Jan. 1, 1980.

It was first issued by the Council of Nicaea in 325, but in the form used today it is frequently thought to have been perfected at the Council of Constantinople in 381. There is no doubt that it was passed on to the church through the Council of Chalcedon in 451. It is commonly held to be based on... Read More »

(fourth century). Very little is known about the life of Nicholas. He became Bishop of Myra on the southwest coast of Asia Minor. He may have been imprisoned for his faith in the persecution (303-311) that began under the Emperor Diocletian, and he may have attended the Council of Nicaea in 325.... Read More »

(1820-1910). Founder of modern nursing. She was born in Florence, Italy, and baptized in the Church of England on July 4, 1820. In 1849-1850 she studied the nursing system of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent dePaul at Alexandria, Egypt. She also trained for several months with the deaconesses... Read More »

(c. 360-c. 430/432). Missionary to the Britons and the Picts. A Briton, he received his theological education at Rome, where he was consecrated bishop in 394. He went to Scotland as a missionary to convert the Britons and the Picts. Ninian founded a church which he dedicated to St. Martin of Tours... Read More »

The 1871 General Convention established this Missionary District. It had the following boundaries: on the east by the Missouri River; on the south by the State of Nebraska; on the west by the 104th meridian, the territories of Wyoming and Nebraska; on the north by the 46th degree of north latitude... Read More »

The Japanese name for the Holy Catholic Church in Japan. It is sometimes written as Nippon Seikokai. It was organized in 1887 by uniting the work of the Church Missionary Society, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, and the Episcopal Church.

(May 5, 1867-May 4, 1953). Choirmaster, composer and teacher. He was born in Bath, England. In 1886 Noble won a scholarship at the Royal College of Music where he studied under Frank Bridge, Walter Parratt, and Charles Villiers Stanford. He became a Fellow of the College in 1905. In 1890 Noble was... Read More »

A part of the traditional night office of matins, which was said at midnight or at the end of the night before dawn. The term is from the Latin for "nocturnal" or "happening at night." The nocturn included sets of antiphons and psalms, a versicle, the Lord's Prayer, a short prayer known as the "... Read More »

In a technical sense, the term refers to English Protestants who do not conform to the discipline, doctrines, or practices of the established Church of England. In this sense the word was first used in the penal acts following the Restoration in 1660 and the Act of Uniformity of 1662 to describe... Read More »

See Terce, Sext, None.

Clergy of England and Scotland who refused to take the oath of allegiance to William of Orange and his wife, Mary Stuart, when they succeeded to the English throne in 1688. After the abdication of James II, Archbishop Sancroft and five other bishops, along with several hundred clergy, refused to... Read More »

This service of noonday prayers includes an opening versicle, a selection from the psalms, a lesson, and prayers (BCP, 103-107). It is based on the "little offices" of terce, sext, and none in Christian monasticism. These "little offices" were said at 9 a.m., 12 noon, and 3 p.m., which were known... Read More »

This diocese was organized at New Bern on Apr. 24, 1817. It joined the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States of America on May 16, 1862, and rejoined the Episcopal Church on Sept. 15, 1865. It was divided by the General Conventions of 1883 and 1895. It includes the following... Read More »

The 1901 General Convention established the Missionary District of the Philippines. In 1973 the Missionary District of the Philippines was divided into three missionary districts. One of these was the Central Missionary District. In 1985 it became the Diocese of Central Philippines. On July 7, 1988... Read More »

On Oct. 19, 1859, the House of Bishops created the Missionary District of the Northwest, including North Dakota. The Missionary District of Nebraska and Dakota was established at the 1865 General Convention. On Oct. 28, 1868, the House of Bishops created the Missionary District of Dakota. On Oct.... Read More »

The name of the Missionary District of North Tokyo was changed to the Missionary District of North Kwanto in 1938. In Apr. 1941 the Missionary District of North Kwanto became a diocese in the Holy Catholic Church in Japan.

The Diocese of Northwest Texas was the Missionary District of North Texas from Oct., 1910, until Oct. 31, 1958. See Northwest Texas, Diocese of.

The name of the Missionary District of Tokyo was changed to the Missionary District of North Tokyo on Oct. 15, 1925. In 1938 the name was changed again to the Missionary District of North Kwanto.

The 1874 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of California. The new missionary district included of the following counties: Amador, Butte, Colusa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Glenn, Humboldt, Lake, Lassen, Mendocino, Modoc, Napa, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou,... Read More »

The 1898 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Indiana. The new diocese included the following counties: Adams, Allen, Benton, Blackford, Carroll, Cass, DeKalb, Elkhart, Fulton, Grant, Howard, Huntington, Jasper, Jay, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, LaPorte, Marshall, Miami, Newton, Noble,... Read More »

The 1901 General Convention established the Missionary District of the Philippines. In 1973 the Missionary District of the Philippines was divided into three missionary districts. One of these was the Northern Philippines Missionary District. In 1985 it became the Diocese of the Northern... Read More »

The General Convention of 1904 established the Missionary District of Mexico. The 1972 General Convention divided the Missionary District of Mexico into the Missionary District of Central and South Mexico, the Missionary District of Western Mexico, and the Missionary District of Northern Mexico.... Read More »

The General Convention of 1892 voted to divide the Diocese of Michigan. The primary convocation of the Missionary District of Northern Michigan met at Grace Church, Ishpeming, on May 31, 1893. The 1895 General Convention received the Missionary District as the Diocese of Northern Michigan. The... Read More »

The Diocese of Newark was named the Diocese of Northern New Jersey from Nov. 12, 1874, until May 19, 1886. See Newark, Diocese of.

The 1901 General Convention established the Missionary District of the Philippines. In 1973 the Missionary District of the Philippines was divided into three missionary districts. One of these was the Northern Philippines Missionary District. In 1985 it became the Diocese of the Northern... Read More »

The 1910 General Convention created the Missionary District of North Texas from territories ceded by the Diocese of Dallas and the Diocese of West Texas. The Missionary District of North Texas became the Diocese of Northwest Texas when the primary council met at the Episcopal Conference Center,... Read More »

The 1859 General Convention passed "That all those portions of our country, North of a line running along the Northern boundary of the Cherokee country and New Mexico, until it reaches the Diocese of California, not yet organized into Dioceses, or included in Missionary districts, be within the... Read More »

The 1910 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Pittsburgh. The primary convention of the new diocese met at St. Paul's Church, Erie, on Nov. 16, 1910. It chose the name Diocese of Erie. It includes the following counties: Cameron, Clarion, Clearfield, Crawford, Elk, Erie, Forest,... Read More »

It opened on Sept. 4, 1820, as a military academy at Norwich, Vermont. In 1834 it became Norwich University, and in 1866 moved to Northfield, Vermont. It had an Episcopal connection from 1850 to about 1880. Four Episcopal priests served as president: Edward Bourns (1801-1871), 1850-1865; Roger... Read More »

The Nicene Creed describes the church as one, holy, catholic, and apostolic (see BCP, pp. 358-359). These four characteristics are the notes, or marks, of the church. The church is to be "notable" or distinguishable by its unity, holiness, catholicity, and apostolicity. The Prayer Book Catechism... Read More »

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Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.