An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church

Glossary of Terms

Rite 3

The nickname given to “An Order for Celebrating the Holy Eucharist” (BCP, pp. 400-405). This rite is in the form of an outline that allows the participants to prepare many […]


Liturgical texts and ceremonies of divine worship. The term originally indicated the prescribed words of worship, but it came to include the entire liturgical action and presentation of the rite. […]

Ritual Controversy

See Ritualism.


Ritual refers to the prescribed form of words of an act of worship and also has been used to indicate the ceremonial of worship. The term “ritualism” was applied to […]

Roanridge Training Conference Center

Wilbur Cochel, a deputy from West Missouri to the 1940 General Convention, believed that a good rural priest needed to know about farming. In 1942 he and his wife offered […]

Robbins, Harold Chandler

(Dec. 11, 1876-Mar. 20, 1952). Cathedral dean, preacher, and writer. He was born in Philadelphia. Robbins received his B.A. from Yale University in 1899 and graduated from the Episcopal Theological […]

Roberts, Owen Josephus

(May 2, 1875-May 17, 1955). First lay president of the House of Deputies, and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was born in Philadelphia. Roberts received his […]

Robertson, John J.

(1796-Oct. 5, 1881). Missionary to Greece. He was born in New York City. After study at the Virginia Theological Seminary, Robertson was ordained deacon on Dec. 10, 1820. He was […]

Rochester, Diocese of

The 1931 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Western New York. The primary convention of the Diocese of Rochester met at Trinity Church, Geneva, New York, Dec. 15-16, […]


A vestment of white linen or similar material which replaced the alb and which in time came to be used only by bishops. Early American bishops found the huge balloon […]

Rodenmayer, Betsy

(June 11, 1909-Jan. 14, 1985). Christian educator. She was born in Detroit, Michigan. Rodenmayer received her B.A. from the University of Michigan, her M.R.E. from Columbia Teachers College, and her […]

Rogation Days

Traditionally, these are the three days before Ascension Day on which the litany is sung (or recited) in procession as an act of intercession. They originated in Vienne, France, in […]


At Cursillo, one of the fifteen talks on Christian faith and life. The person assigned to give the rollo is called a “rollista.”


The term is applied to an intellectual and cultural development which flourished in western Europe and North America in the late-eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It was largely a reaction against […]

Rood Screen

The term “rood,” from Old English, means cross. Rood screens were used as early as the twelfth century to separate the chancel or choir from the nave. The rood screen […]

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano

(Jan. 30, 1882-Apr. 12, 1945). Thirty-second President of the United States, 1933-1945. He was the leader of the United States in the face of the Great Depression and World War […]


A Marian devotion that leads to Jesus. It combines repetitions of familiar prayers with meditation on fifteen mysteries of faith. Meditation on each mystery is accompanied by recitation of the […]

Rose Gates College, Okolona, Mississippi

This school opened at Okolona, Mississippi, in 1859. Bishop William Mercer Green was president of the board of trustees. It was named after Rose Gates, the daughter of Col. Charles […]

Rose Sunday

See Laetare Sunday; see Gaudete Sunday.

Rose Window

A circular stained glass window with radiating tracery in the form of a rose. The rose window is usually placed on the west façade of the church. This window may […]

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Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from “An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians,” Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.