An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church

Glossary of Terms

Southeastern Mexico, Diocese of

The 1904 General Convention established the Missionary District of Mexico. The 1972 General Convention divided the Missionary District of Mexico into the Missionary District of Central and South Mexico, the Missionary District of Western Mexico, and the Missionary District of Northern Mexico. All three of these Missionary Districts became dioceses. In 1988 the House of […]

Southern Brazil, Missionary District of

The mission to Brazil began on Aug. 31, 1889, when James Watson Morris (1859-1954) and Lucien Lee Kinsolving (1862-1929) sailed for Brazil as missionaries. On Oct. 20, 1898, the House of Bishops elected Kinsolving Bishop for the United States of Brazil. The 1907 General Convention established the Missionary District of Brazil, and elected Kinsolving Missionary […]

Southern Churchman

This journal began publication on Jan. 2, 1835, at Richmond, Virginia. It was published weekly, and had the motto: “Catholic For Every Truth of God. Protestant For Every Error of Man.” On July 12, 1947, it absorbed The Chronicle, which was published at Poughkeepsie, New York. On Jan. 2, 1952, it was continued by Episcopal […]

Southern Episcopalian

1) This journal was published irregularly at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1854-1855, 1858-1859, and 1863. The first issue appeared on Apr. 1, 1854, and the last issue was dated Mar. 7, 1863. 2) A publication of the Southern Episcopal Church, a conservative church that was founded in 1962. Southern Harmony. This four-shape shape-note tunebook was […]

Southern Florida, Missionary District of

The General Convention of 1892 voted to divide the Diocese of Florida. The Missionary District of Southern Florida existed until 1923, when it became the Diocese of South Florida. See South Florida, Diocese of.

Southern Ohio, Diocese of

The 1874 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Ohio. The primary convention of the Diocese of Southern Ohio was held at Trinity Church, Columbus, Jan. 13, 1875. It includes the following counties: Adams, Athens, Belmont, Brown, Butler, Champaign, Clark, Clermont, Clinton, Drake, Delaware, Fairfield, Fayette, Franklin, Gallia, Greene, Guernsey, Hamilton, Highland, Hocking, Jackson, […]

Southern Philippines, Diocese of

The 1901 General Convention established the Missionary District of the Philippines. In 1973 the Missionary District of the Philippines was divided into three missionary districts. One of these was the Southern Philippines Missionary District. In 1985 it became the Diocese of the Southern Philippines. In July 1988 the House of Bishops voted to release the […]

Southern Virginia, Diocese of

The 1892 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Virginia. The new diocese was the Diocese of Southern Virginia. It held its primary convention at St. Paul's Church, Lynchburg. The 1919 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Southern Virginia. It includes the following counties: Accomac, Amelia, Appomattox, Brunswick, Buckingham, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Craig, […]

Southgate, Horatio

(July 5, 1812-Apr. 12, 1894). Missionary Bishop to Greece. He was born in Portland, Maine. Southgate graduated from Bowdoin College in 1832. He then entered Andover Theological Seminary to study for the Congregational ministry. While at Andover he joined the Episcopal Church and was confirmed on Oct. 26, 1834. He was ordained deacon on July […]

Southwest Florida, Diocese of

The General Convention of 1969 voted to divide the Diocese of Florida into three dioceses. One of the new dioceses was known as the Gulf Coast Diocese of Florida. It included the following counties: Charlotte, Collier, DeSoto, Glades, Hernando, Hillsborough, Lee, Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, Sarasota, and part of Hendry. The primary convention of this diocese […]

Southwest, Missionary District of the

The 1835 General Convention nominated the Rev. Francis Lister Hawks to exercise episcopal functions in the State of Louisiana and in the Territories of Arkansas and Florida. Hawks declined the election and was never consecrated. On Dec. 9, 1838, Leonidas Polk was consecrated Missionary Bishop of Arkansas and the Indian Territory with Provisional Charge in […]

Southwestern Brazil, Missionary District of

On Sept. 30, 1949, the House of Bishops divided the Missionary District of Southern Brazil into three missionary districts-Southwestern Brazil, Southern Brazil, and Central Brazil. On Oct. 20, 1964, the House of Bishops voted for an independent Brazilian Church, and in 1965 the Episcopal Church of Brazil became an independent Province of the Anglican Communion. […]

Southwestern Diocese

The 1832 General Convention voted that the dioceses of Mississippi and Alabama, and the clergy and churches in the State of Louisiana could associate and join in the election of a bishop. Delegations from these three areas met at Christ Church, New Orleans, on Mar. 4-5, 1835, and formed the Southwestern Diocese. They elected Francis […]

Southwestern Virginia, Diocese of

The 1919 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Southern Virginia. The primary convention of the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia was held at St. John's Church, Roanoke, Dec. 10-11, 1919. The Diocese is composed of the following counties: Alleghany, Amherst, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Bland, Botetourt, Buchanan, Campbell, Carroll, Craig, Dickinson, Floyd, Franklin, Giles, Grayson, […]

Spalding, Franklin Spencer

(Mar. 13, 1865-Sept. 25, 1914). A leading advocate of the Social Gospel, known as the “socialist bishop.” He was born in Erie, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Princeton in 1887 and from the General Theological Seminary in 1901. He was ordained deacon on June 3, 1891, and began his ministry as pastor of All Saints' Church, […]

Sparrow, William

(Mar. 12, 1801-Jan. 17, 1874). Leading evangelical theologian and opponent of Tractarianism. He was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts. His family moved to Huron County, Ohio, and Sparrow became involved with the educational enterprises of Bishop Philander Chase. He taught at a school in Worthington, Ohio, administered by Bishop Chase's son, and then at Cincinnati College, […]

Spirit of Missions, The

This monthly journal was published by the Board of Missions of the Episcopal Church. The first issue appeared in Jan. 1836, and the last issue appeared in Dec. 1939. It was continued by Forth. The Spirit of Missions is one of the major primary sources for the history of the Episcopal Church. Standard of the […]

Spiritual Director

A person, lay or ordained, with whom one communicates concerning the spiritual life may also be known as a soul-friend, soul-mate, or spiritual companion. A director listens and, when appropriate, responds by giving “direction” which may include spiritual advice, help with discernment, suggested reading or action, or a question to ponder. Different directors have different […]

Spiritual Gifts

Also called charisms, and partially listed in 1 Cor 12:4-11, these are graces granted by the Holy Spirit to empower the faithful to perform specific tasks. Called gratiae gratis datae (freely given graces) by the scholastics, they are at the service of charity (1 Cor 13:13). Given over and above the fundamental gift of faith […]


An interest and intentional participation in the spiritual life, providing a context for open and direct experience of God and the entire spiritual realm at an intensely personal level. Spirituality concerns the whole of life in the context of faith. Resources for spirituality include participation in retreats, quiet days, spiritual direction, and use of books, […]

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Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from “An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians,” Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.